Friday, March 15, 2013


   Driving while either intoxicated or drunk is dangerous and drivers with high blood alcohol content or concentration (BAC) are at greatly increased risk of car accidents, highway injuries and vehicular deaths. Possible prevention measures examined here include establishing DWI courts, suspending or revoking driver licenses, impounding or confiscating vehicle plates, impounding or immobilizing vehicles, enforcing open container bans, increasing penalties such as fines or jail for drunk driving, and mandating alcohol education. Safety seat belts, air bags, designated drivers, and effective practical ways to stay sober are also discussed.

   Every single injury and death caused by drunk driving is totally preventable. Although the proportion of crashes that are alcohol-related has dropped dramatically in recent decades, there are still far too many such preventable accidents. Unfortunately, in spite of great progress, alcohol-impaired driving remains a serious national problem that tragically effects many victims annually.
   It's easy to forget that dry statistics represent real people and real lives. Therefore, this page is dedicated to the memory of one randomly-selected victim of a drunk driver, young Holli Crockett.

   Most drivers who have had something to drink have low blood alcohol content or concentration (BAC) and few are involved in fatal crashes. On the other hand, while only a few drivers have BACs higher than .15, a much higher proportion of those drivers have fatal crashes. 
   The average BAC among fatally injured drinking drivers is .16
The relative risk of death for drivers in single-vehicle crashes with a high BAC is 385 times that of a zero-BAC driver and for male drivers the risk is 707 times that of a sober driver, according to estimates by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).
High BAC drivers tend to be male, aged 25-35, and have a history of DWI convictions and polydrug abuse. 

   Drunk driving, like most other social problems, resists simple solutions. However, there are a number of actions, each of which can contribute toward a reduction of the problem: 
DWI courts, sometimes called DUI courts, sobriety courts, wellness courts or accountability courts have proven effective in reducing the crime of drunken driving (driving while intoxicated or while impaired). Such courts address the problem of hard-core repeat offenders by treating alcohol addiction or alcoholism. The recidivism or failure rate of DWI courts is very low.
Automatic license revocation appears to be the single most effective measure to reduce drunk driving.
Automatic license revocation along with a mandatory jail sentence appears to be even more effective than just automatic license revocation.
Impounding or confiscating license plates.
Mandating the installation of interlock devices that prevent intoxicated persons from starting a vehicle.
Vehicle impoundment or immobilization.
Expanding alcohol server training programs.
Implementing social norms programs that correct the misperception that most people sometimes drive under the influence of alcohol.
Passing mandatory alcohol and drug testing in fatal crashes would promote successful prosecution of drunk and drugged drivers. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has estimated that 18-20% of injured drivers are using drugs and although drinking is on the decline, drugging is on the increase. However, this figure appears to be much too low. For example:
A study of drivers admitted to a Maryland trauma center found that 34% tested positive for drugs only, while 16% tested positive for alcohol only.
A study by the Addiction Research Foundation of vehicle crash victims who tested positive for either legal or illegal substances found that just 15% had consumed only alcohol.
In a large study of almost 3,400 fatally injured drivers from three Australian states, drugs other than alcohol were present in 26.7% of the cases. Fewer than 10% of the cases involved both alcohol and drugs.
NIDA’s Monitoring the Future survey indicated that in 2004, 12.7% of high school seniors in the U.S. reported driving under the influence of marijuana and 13..2% reported driving under the influence of alcohol in the two weeks prior to the survey.
In the State of Maryland’s Adolescent Survey, 26.8% of the state’s licensed, 12th grade drivers reported driving under the influence of marijuana during the year before the survey.

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Did you know that alcohol effects on women are much stronger than men? Yes it is. When a female consumes 2 drinks, she is considered over her limit, where men can have at least 3 before the are over their limit. So if you are sitting somewhere having drinks, please be aware of your alcohol consumption. The best thing to do is have a designated driver.

Monday, November 26, 2012

A young mother was leaving work for the night on Thanksgiving eve. She crossed the street to get to her car and as she crossed the street, there came a vehicle out of nowhere at such a high speed. The vehicle struck the young mother with such a force, it knocked her up in the air. The young mother landed on her back, but the impact fatally wounded the young mother. Later the person that hit her was caught was caught and charged with a DUI/reckless homicide.
The mother  left behind 2 small children a husband.

Most often the person that is driving under the influence walks away from the scene with a scratch, while the other person is fatally wounded.

Holiday Drinking and Driving

It's the Holiday Season.  There are so many holiday parties, which leads to drinking and having fun. This is also the time of the season that people are pulled over for driving under the influence (DUI).
This leads to fines, court costs, jail and most often deaths!
Don't let that be you!! I know you want to have fun and you still can but get a designated driver. You can then have a good time and relax. It is the time when deaths occur because of overzealous drinking. The laws are strict and they are becoming stricter because of drunk driving.

The most important matter is that you enjoy the holidays, but be a Responsible Driver!!!

. Have a wonderful and blessed Holiday!!


Monday, August 27, 2012


Drunk Driving Laws

August 2012
All states define driving with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at or above 0.08 percent as a crime, although specific laws and penalties can vary substantially from state to state.
Administrative license suspensions allow law enforcement to confiscate a driver's license when he or she fails a chemical test. Several states grant limited driving privileges – such as driving to and from work – to drivers whose license has been suspended if the driver is able to demonstrate special hardship.
All states have some type of ignition interlock law, in which judges require all or a portion of convicted drunk drivers to install interlocks in their cars. These devices analyze a driver's breath and disable the engine if alcohol is detected.
Federal programs transfer surface transportation funding to theSection 402 highway safety grant program for states that fail to adopt open container and repeat offender laws.
Alcohol exclusion laws let insurance companies deny payment for treatment of drunk drivers' injuries, but they have limited doctors' abilities to diagnose alcohol problems and recommend treatment. Some states have repealed such laws.
Highlights of current state drunk driving laws include the following:
  • All 50 states and the District of Columbia have enacted some sort of ignition interlock legislation.
    • 17 states (and 4 California counties) have made ignition interlocks mandatory or highly incentivized for all convicted drunk drivers, even first-time offenders.
  • 42 states, the District of Columbia, the Northern Mariana Islands and the Virgin Islandsall have some type of administrative license suspension on the first offense.
  • 48 states, the District of Columbia and Guam have increased penalties for drunk drivers found guilty of driving with a high BAC (often .15 or higher).
NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on drunk driving laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.
StateInc. Penalty for High BACAdmin. License Susp. on 1st OffenseLimited Driving Privileges During Susp.Ignition InterlocksVehicle and License Plate SanctionsAlcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
*Meeting Federal Requirements
Ala..1590 daysMandatory for high BAC (>.15) convictionsYesYesYes
(at judges' disc.)
90 daysAfter 30 daysMandatory for all convictionsVehicle impoundmentYes
Ariz..1590 daysAfter 30 daysMandatory for all convictionsImmobilization or impoundmentYesYesYes
Ark..156 monthsYesMandatory for all convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYes
Calif..154 monthsAfter 30 daysDiscretionary

Mandatory for all convictions in Alameda, Los Angeles, Tulare and Sacramento counties (pilot project)
Impoundment, vehicle confiscationYesYes
Colo..173 monthsYesHighly incentivized for all convictionsYesYes
Conn..1690 daysYesMandatory for all convictionsYes
Del..163 monthsMandatory for high BAC (>.15) and repeat convictionsVehicle sanction and license plate impoundmentYesYes
D.C..20 and .252-90 days or until dispositionYesDiscretionaryYesYes
Fla..206 months for DUBALAfter 30 daysMandatory for high BAC (>.15) convictionsImpoundment, vehicle forfeitureYesYesYes
12 months for refusalAfter 90 days
Ga..151 yearYesMandatory for repeat convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYesYes
GuamFrom .08 to .10YesYes
Hawaii.153 monthsAfter 30 daysMandatory for all convictionsYesYesYes
Idaho.2090 daysAfter 30 daysDiscretionaryYesYesYes
Ill..166 monthsAfter 30 daysMandatory for all convictionsImpoundment, vehicle confiscationYesYes
Ind..15180 daysAfter 30 daysDiscretionaryVehicle confiscationYesYes
Iowa.15180 daysAfter 30 daysDiscretionaryYesYes
Kan..1530 daysMandatory for all convictionsYesYesYes
Ky..1830 - 120 daysYesDiscretionaryImpoundmentYesYesYes
La. 1.15 and .20See footnoteMandatory for all convictionsVehicle confiscationYes
Maine.1590 daysYesDiscretionaryVehicle confiscationYesYes
Md..1545 daysYes, under certain circum-
Mandatory for high BAC (>.15) convictionsYesYes
Mass..20 (applies to ages 17-21)90 daysYesMandatory for repeat convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYesYes
Mich. 2.17See footnoteAfter 30 daysMandatory for high BAC convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYesYes
Minn..2090 daysAfter 15 daysMandatory for high BAC and repeat convictionsImpoundment, vehicle confiscation, special plates/
Miss.90 daysDiscretionaryImpoundment, vehicle confiscationYesYes
Mo..1590 daysAfter 30 days
Mandatory for all convictions
(eff. 10/1/13)
Vehicle forfeiture or impoundment (cities w/ 100,000+ allowed to enact ordinance)Yes
Mont..16Mandatory for repeat convictionsImpoundment, vehicle confiscationYesYes
Neb..1590 daysAfter 30 daysMandatory for all convictionsVehicle immobilization, continuous alcohol monitoringYesYesYes
Nev..1890 daysAfter 45 daysDiscretionaryYesYes
N.H..166 monthsMandatory for high BAC convictionsYesYesYes
N.J..10Mandatory for high BAC (>.15) and repeat convictionsYesYesYes
N.M..16 (w/ mand. jail on all offenses)<21: 1 yr.;
>21: 6 mo.
Immediately w/ Ignition InterlockMandatory for all convictionsImmobilization of vehicle for driving while revokedYesYes
N.Y..18VariableYesMandatory for all convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYesYes
N.C..1530 daysAfter 10 daysMandatory for high BAC (>.15) and repeat convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYes
N.D..1891 daysAfter 30 daysDiscretionaryVehicle confiscation, license plate removalYesYesYes
M.P.30 days -
<6 months
Ohio.1790 daysAfter 15 daysDiscretionaryImpoundment, vehicle confiscation or immobilization, restricted platesYesYes
Okla..15180 daysYesMandatory for high BAC (>.15), repeat convictions, and refusalsYesYesYes
Ore..1590 daysAfter 30 daysMandatory for all diversionsYesYes
Pa. 3.16See footnoteMandatory for repeat convictionsYesYesYes
R.I..15Judicial discretion on 3rd or subsequent convictionJudicial discretion on 3rd or subsequent convictionYes
S.C..151 month (for >.15 BAC)YesMandatory for repeat convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYesYes
S.D. 4.17See footnoteYesDiscretionaryYes
Tenn..20Mandatory for high BAC and repeat convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYes
Texas.1590 days if .08 or greater; 180 days for refusalYesMandatory for repeat convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYesYes
Utah.16120 daysMandatory for all convictionsImpoundmentYesYesYes
Vt.90 daysDiscretionaryImpoundment, vehicle confiscationYesYes
V.I.VariableYesRevoke license plateYesYes
Va..15 and .207 daysMandatory for all convictionsVehicle confiscationYesYes
Wash..1590 daysWith an ignition interlock driver’s licenseMandatory for all convictionsMandatory tow and 12 hour impoundYes
W.Va..156 monthsAfter 30 daysMandatory for high BAC (>.15) and repeat convictionsYesYes
Wis..17, .20 and .256 monthsYesMandatory for high BAC (>.15) and repeat convictionsImpoundment, vehicle seizure/
Wy..1590 daysYesMandatory for high BAC (>.15) and repeat convictionsYes
Total States48 + D.C., 1 Terr.42 + D.C., 2 Terr.36 + D.C., 1 Terr.Mandatory For
All (17)
High BAC (5)
Repeat (6)
High BAC & Repeat (9)

13 + D.C.
Varies39 + D.C., 3 Terr.37 + D.C., 3 Terr.37


   In October of 2004 the provincial government of British Columbia passed Bill 66: The Motor Vehicle Amendment Act, also known as the Drinking Driving Initiative. The Motor Vehicle Amendment Act gave police additional tools to take drinking drivers off the road, including:
24 hour impoundment of vehicles for drivers who receive a 24-hour roadside prohibition;
Increased fines for driving while prohibited/suspended and extended vehicle Impoundments for up to 60 days for a first offence and 90 days for subsequent offences; and
Requirement for chronic offenders and other high-risk drivers to install an ignition interlock device on their vehicles that requires a breath sample before the vehicle will start.
    Also, for the first time in British Columbia, drivers with a Criminal Code drinking driving conviction, and other repeat offenders, had to complete a rehabilitation program before they were allowed to drive again. This program is called the Responsible Driver Program (RDP). All referrals into this program come from the Office of the Superintendent of Motor Vehicles (OSMV).
    Under the 2004 legislation, there were six possible "triggering events" which might result in OSMV making a referral into the RDP:
An impaired driving criminal code conviction;
Two 90-day administrative driving prohibitions within 5 years;
Three 24-hour driving prohibitions within 5 years;
A combination of 90-day prohibitions and 24-hour suspensions;
Drivers with 3 or more criminal code convictions who have served a minimum of 5 years in the Indefinite Licence Suspension program;
At the discretion of the Superintendent of Motor Vehicles.
    Then in September of 2010 the provincial government proclaimed a new Motor Vehicle Act which includes new impaired driving legislation. Under this legislation drivers found to have a BAC of over .05% are subject to various consequences. With regard to the Responsible Driver Program, drivers who are found to have BACs in the range of .05% to .08% three times in a five year period, or who are found to have a BAC over .08% once, are referred to the Responsible Driver Program.
   Once referred to the Responsible Driver Program participation in the program is a requirement for those who wish to either maintain or renew their driving licence. Drivers who enrol in the RDP pay the government a fee of $ 880 plus HST.
    Once registered in the Responsible Driver Program, participants complete an intensive telephone interview and are then assigned to one of two alternatives:
Those deemed not to be of significant risk of re-offending are referred to an intensive 8-hour education program.
Those deemed to be of greater risk of re-offending are referred to a 16-hour counselling program.
   Participants whose level of alcohol or other drug use indicates that an addiction has been established, are encouraged to contact appropriate community addiction services to further decrease their risk of re-offending.
    Participants in both the Education and the Counselling program learn basic information about alcohol, drugs and their impact on driving ability. The program focus is on preventing the harm that results from combining alcohol or other drug use and driving, and the objective is to separate these two activities, not eliminating them.